Melasma, sometimes called chloasma, appears as a symmetrical blotchy, brownish pigmentation on the face. The pigmentation is due to overproduction of melanin by the pigment cells, melanocytes.
There are several known triggers for melasma.
Sun exposure – this is the most important avoidable risk factor.
Pregnancy may provoke melasma – in affected women, the pigment often fades a few months after delivery.
Hormone treatments seem to be a factor in about a quarter of affected women, including oral contraceptive pills containing oestrogen and/or progesterone, hormone replacement, intrauterine devices and implants. But in other women, hormonal factors do not appear important.
Scented or deodorant soaps, toiletries and traditional cosmetics may cause a phototoxic reaction triggering melasma that may then persist long-term.
A phototoxic reaction to certain medications may also trigger melasma.
Melasma has been associated with hypothyroidism (low levels of thyroid hormone).
More commonly, it arises in apparently healthy, normal, non-pregnant adults and persists for decades. Exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) deepens the pigmentation because it activates the melanocytes.
Treatment of Pigmentatyion:
Melasma can be very slow to respond to treatment, so patience is necessary. Start gently, especially if you have sensitive skin. Harsh treatments may result in an irritante contact dermetitis, and this can result in more pigmentation…
First thing- stay away from the sun! allways protect yourself and wear a hat and sun glasses!
Using a natural sun protection cream is very important, specially for little children because the “regular” sun protection products contains lots of chemichals
Pure offer a special treatment for pigmentation, with a combination of 2 products:
Using both products and prevent sun exposure will help you treat the pigmentation.